Both of these actions sparked increased settlement and development in the upper Piedmont section of the state and led to Atlanta's founding.
Indian removal and the discovery of gold encouraged new settlement in the region, but it was the railroad that actually brought Atlanta into being and eventually connected it with the rest of the state and region.
In the process a number of civilians were killed, and property and buildings in the city were badly damaged.
On September 2, 1864, Sherman's troops captured the city, and the remaining residents (about 3,500 people, according to one estimate) were ordered to evacuate.
Sherman's capture of Atlanta in 1864 had far-ranging repercussions. It also ultimately doomed the Confederacy and its fading hopes for victory and independence.
Finally, it left Atlanta burned, barren, and bankrupt.
In the presidential election of 1860, the majority of voters cast their ballots for Union candidates Stephen A. But when Georgia seceded in January 1861, Atlanta joined with the Confederacy and rapidly became a strategically important city for the Southern cause.Governor Lumpkin, on the other hand, is said to have maintained that the city's new name was yet another tribute to his daughter, whose middle name was Atalanta, although this story appears to be to 9,554 people and was already the fourth largest city in the state.Enslaved African Americans and free persons of color were part of this population, although in smaller numbers than in the older, larger port cities of the South.A second large war-related industry and producer was the Quartermaster Depot, which operated a shoe factory, a tannery, and a clothing depot that employed more than 3,000 seamstresses.These industries and the employment opportunities associated with them swelled Atlanta's population from 9,000 people in 1860 to some 22,000 four years made Atlanta a strategically important town for the Confederacy also made it a tempting target for Union armies, and in the summer of 1864 General William T.