Prostitution or "whoring" had long been regarded as detrimental to the Empire, however it had no special place alongside blasphemy, drunkenness and other public disturbances.It is not until the nineteenth century that it is elevated to a "social evil" of gigantic proportions.Sexuality in general becomes dominated by mens fear concerning womens sexuality, expressed as a threat to public rational masculinity.No matter what you think about Freud, his works, all eleven volumes (Standard Edition), mark a decisive point in modern conceptualisation about sexuality.It is a curious irony that we moderns commonly portray Victorian sexual mores as puritanistic, moralistic and highly repressive, when like never before, sexuality became a focus of public and private attention.The Victorian bourgeois may have covered their piano legs out of modesty, but as an emergent social and political force they chose sexuality as the basis for delineating their identity from the aristocracy, peasants and emergent working classes. Toward the beginning of the eighteenth century, there emerged a political, economic, and technical incitement to talk about sex. This need to take sex into account, to pronounce a discourse on sex that would not derive from morality alone but from rationality as well, was sufficiently new that at first it wondered at itself and sought apologies for its own existence.
Prostitution because it directed sexuality outside the family to non-reproductive ends and masturbation because it turned sexuality inwards to the core of the family - the child and solitary adult.
Freud divides the mind into a hierarchical opposition between the conscious and unconscious, giving primacy to the latter.
The unconscious, with its dark, impulsive, unstructured labyrinths of memories which have no chronological origins or definite form, cannot be recovered or comprehended by the conscious component of the mind, and thus must be mediated through a "pre-conscious" buffer which regulates its desires.
How could a discourse based on reason speak like that?
21But speak they did, with increasing intensity and authority, bringing into the objective light of science, a multitude of distinctive sexual species.