Ijazah [License, Authorization, Certificate, Permission], given by Abu Muhammad al-Dhihni ‘Uthman Nuri al-Hanafi al-Miyawardi to his student ‘Umar Lutfi ibn al-Hajj Muhammad Hilmi known as Munla Isma’ilzadah al Arkhawi. Both manuscripts are written in clear nasta’liq script in black ink on yellowish paper, the later manuscript with keywords in red ink. Sharh-i Bist Bab dar Ma’rifat-i A’mal-i al-Asturlab (Commentary on “Twenty Chapters Dealing with the Uses of the Astrolabe” of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, 1201-74, by Mulla ‘Abd al-‘Ali Parchadi. Written in clear, small naskhi script, in black ink on white paper, with headings, keywords, and markings in red. It was originally invented by the Persian astronomer Ulugh Beg (1394-1449), the most outstanding astronomer of the medieval times. The text is written in four columns and all the columns of poetry are ruled in gold.Sentences are separated by gold disks and the pages are ruled in gold and colored ink. Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, who built the famous observatory in Maraghah (Azarbayjan, Iran) for the Mongol leader Hulagu (grandson of Chingis Khan), was one of the most brilliant minds and the scholar par excellence of the Middle Ages. Hadha Lughz min al-Shaykh (This is a Riddle from the Master). A quotation from Abu Bakr al-Mutawwa’i, about prophets and saints. His tables served as the basis for many similar works, and were even used by John Flamstead (1646-1719), the first Royal Astronomer at the Greenwich Observatory. This elaborate talisman is written in clear naskhi script in black ink on white paper with keywords in red, by the calligrapher Muhammad Rasim, a student of Muhammad Dhakir, known as Hafi z al-Qur’an (Memorizer of the Koran). One of the earliest works on the Islamic conquests in Africa, written in clear maghribi script in brown ink on yellowish paper, with headings, keywords, and markings in red. Hadha Du’a’ al-Ghasilah [This Is a Prayer of the Washer Woman]. There are six illuminated headings in gold and colors and nine competently executed miniatures.The compartments contain an elaborate invocation asking God to protect the bearer of the amulet. Ijazah [License, Authorization, Certificate, Permission], given by Abu Muhammad al-Dhihni ‘Uthman Nuri al-Hanafi al-Miyawardi to his student ‘Umar Lutfi ibn al-Hajj Muhammad Hilmi known as Munla Isma’ilzadah al Arkhawi. Both manuscripts are written in clear nasta’liq script in black ink on yellowish paper, the later manuscript with keywords in red ink. 1896) to appoint a certain Sufi Shaykh as an imam (prayer leader) to a mosque in Istanbul. This is considered the most glorious period of Persian cultural history and the source of the greatest works of painting, calligraphy, and architecture. The opening page contains an illuminated heading in gold and colors.Sentences are separated by gold disks and the pages are ruled in gold and colored ink. The document bears the Tughra (Sultan’s Signature) in gold. Chapters from the Koran in beautiful, large Chinese Arabic script, in black ink on white glossy paper. The hilyas (attributes) of Adam, within a circle surrounded by a decorative rectangle in gold and blue. The hilyas (attributes) of Noah, Muhammad, Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, Hasan, Husayn. The names of: Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, Talhah, Zubayr, ‘Abd Allah, ‘Abd al-Rahman, ibn ‘Awf, Sa’d, Sa’id, Abu ‘Ubaydah, Hasan, Husayn (famous companions of the Prophet Muhammad) within decorative circles as before. The manuscript is a fine example of Safavid calligraphy. The text is ruled in ocher, black, and red up to folio 32, afterward in red only. Beautifully bound in half morocco and marbled boards. Ikmal al-Din wa-Itmam al-Ni’mah fi Ithbat al-Ghaybah wa-Kashf al-Hayrah [Completion of Religion and Fulfillment of Favor regarding the Certainty of the Disappearance, hence, Removing the Perplexity], by Ibn Babawayh al-Qummi, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husayn (918 or 19-991 or 2) The author of this book, sometimes referred to as “Kitab al-Ghaybah” (The Book of Disappearance), was the most learned Shi’i thinker of his day and one of a handful of the most important Shi’i writers in history.Tahrir Tanqih al-Lubab Sharh [Commentary on the Edition of the Revision of the Essence], by Abu Yahya Zakariya ibn Muhammad al-Ansari (1423-ca. 1024) was later summarized by Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahim ibn al-‘Iraqi (1361-1423) under the title “Tanqih al-Lubab” [Revision of the Essence]. This was abbreviated by al-Ansari as “Tahrir Tanqih al-Lubab” [Edition of the Revision of the Essence].
97),” in reference to “Laylat al Qadr” (The Night of Power) in which the Koran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, and falls on the 27th of Ramadan. On the margin of the manuscript, there is another anonymous poem running the length of the manuscript. This tiny script begins with Surat al-Fatihah, followed by the Throne Verse (Koran, chapter 2, verse 255), then by various prayers, quotations from the Koran, and other often repeated Islamic phrases.
The opening page of the later manuscript has a handsome heading in gold, red, and blue. The manuscript fits loosely within a contemporary cloth binding. A short mathematical treatise in the form of a riddle. 1102 H/1691) regarding the prayer for Prophet Muhammad. An answer given by al-Hasan Ibn Mas’ud al-Yusi comparing reading the Qur’an with other prayers. Ulugh Beg’s work held sway for close to three centuries, until it was supplanted by telescopic data. The following sentences, written in red and repeated ten times, are interspersed in the text: “Our enemies will not reach us through spirit or other means. It appears that the first ten leaves were lost and replaced in a different hand. Sharh Du’a’ al-Marjanah [Explanation of the Prayer of al-Marjanah (the Coral)]. The prayer, meant to implant love in the heart of the desired person, contains a few magic squares. There are also hundreds of subheadings illuminated in gold and colors. Fal Namah [Treatise on Fortune Telling], attributed to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib with astrological tables. [On the Branches of the Occult], by Nasir ibn Muhammad ibn Haydar Rammal Shirazi.
The opening page of the earlier manuscript has a handsome heading in gold, red, and blue. The teachers’ seals appear at the very end of the certificates. al-Shaykh, the “Master,” could well be al-Shaykh Baha’ al-Din al-‘Amili (1547-1621), who is know to have had a great interest in mathematics. The manuscript is written in clear and elegant naskhi script in black ink on white paper, with headings, keywords, and markings in red. Kitab Adab al-Nikah [Book of the Etiquette of Sexual Intercourse], by Ibn al-Jawzi, Abu al Faraj ‘Abd al Rahman ibn ‘Ali (d. The manuscript was copied by Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Hassani in the year 1181 H/1767. Copied by Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Hassani and completed during Dhu al-Hijjah 1181 H/ April 1768. A chapter from an anonymous book, probably by Ibn al-Jawzi, beginning Bab al-‘Aql Hujjat Allah ‘ala Khalqih [Chapter Concerning the Mind as Proof for the Creatures about the Existence of God]. They have no power to inflict harm on us under any circumstances.” The opening page has a handsome heading in gold, blue, and other colors, and there are marginal medallions in gold, blue, and other colors. The present manuscript is significantly different from the printed version. The pillars of Islam are five: Confession of the Faith, Prayer, Fasting (during the month of Ramadan), Making the pilgrimage to Mecca, and Giving alms to the poor. Du’a’ Rasul Allah al-Ma’ruf bi-Alf ism wa-ism Allah ta’ala, wa-huwa al-Jawshan al-Kabir [Supplication of The Messenger of God (Muhammad), which is known as ‘The One Thousand Names and the Name of God, Which is the ‘Great Shield (i.e. Eighteenth-century lacquer binding, re-backed in morocco, which is embossed in arabesque design in gilt on both sides of each cover. The author’s identity is not known; he could have been a Persian from Shiraz who practiced geomancy [using sand (raml) for divination].
This is followed by Surat al-Fatihah “The Opening Chapter” (ch. The marginal poem is also ruled throughout with several bands of gold, blue, and red lines. al-‘Awamil al-Mi’ah [The One Hundred Regents], by Abd al-Qahir ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Jurjani (d. All these verses and invocations are meant to have magical powers to protect the owner of the scroll. Talkhis Miftah al-‘Ulum [Summary of the Key to the Sciences], by Jalal al-Din Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Qazwini, Khatib Dimashq (1267 or 8-1338). A summary of part III of Miftah al-‘Ulum [Key to the Sciences] of Abu Ya’qub Yusuf ibn Abi Bakr al-Sakkaki (1160-1229), considered one of the most important works on Arabic rhetoric.
1), followed in order by a long invocation asking God for help and guidance, the famous Shi’i invocation of ‘Ali (the first imam) and a magic square. All these verses and invocations are meant to have magical powers to protect the owner of this colorful amulet. Each teacher enumerates his own teachers and what he studied with them. Turkish in Arabic script), was issued by the Ottoman Sultan Abd al-Hamid II (reigned 1876-1909) on the 25th of Jumada al-Ula 1314 H (1 Nov. There is one illuminated heading and ten competently executed miniatures. The erotic miniature usually included in the repertoire of this story, and often found damaged, is in perfect condition here. The present manuscript dates from the early Safavid period, during the reign of the Savavid ruler of Iran, Shah Tahmasp, the father of Shah ‘Abbas the Great. It is written in clear and somewhat large nasta’liq script in black ink, on beige paper, with headings, keywords, and markings in red.