Educational aspiration was a binary measure indicating whether the IC wished to graduate from college versus a lower level of education.
Religion was measured as whether or not the IC was Catholic, and the IC was considered to be religious if she attends church at least weekly.
These threats to the sexual and reproductive well-being of Filipino citizens are particularly acute for adolescents and young adults (Hussain & Finer, 2013).
The proportion of adolescents engaging in premarital sex has nearly doubled in the past 20 years – from 17.8% in 1994 to 32.2% in 2013 – and only 22% of youth report using a method of contraception at their first sex encounter (DRDF & UPPI, 2014).
In contrast, fertility was lower among daughters who had higher levels of communication with their mothers.Multivariate Poisson regression models were conducted with longitudinal and inter-generational data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (1998–2009) to examine the predictors of young women’s fertility.Age at first sex, and number and duration of partnerships each independently and significantly predicted women’s fertility by 2009 after controlling for contextual influences.The index was created by using a factor analysis on questions regarding the appropriate ages for young people to have crushes, court, date and become married.Higher index scores correspond to more conservative attitudes.