While nearly 85 percent of the nation's workers need automobiles to get to their jobs, four of every five rush-hour commuters to New York City's central business districts avoid traffic congestion by taking transit service – most of it operated by the MTA.MTA customers travel on America's largest bus fleet and on more subway and rail cars than all the rest of the country's subways and commuter railroads combined.Metro-North Railroad is second largest commuter railroad in the nation.
The takeover of the lines began in 2005 and was completed early in 2006.
A public-benefit corporation chartered by the New York State Legislature in 1968, the MTA is governed by a 17-member Board.
Members are nominated by the Governor, with four recommended by New York City's mayor and one each by the county executives of Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Dutchess, Orange, Rockland, and Putnam counties.
(Members representing the latter four cast one collective vote.) All Board members are confirmed by the New York State Senate.
When the subway opened in 1904, it launched an unprecedented era of growth and prosperity for the newly unified New York City.