As Friedman claims, "arranging and contracting the marriage of a young girl were the undisputed prerogatives of her father in ancient Israel." Most girls were married before the age of 15, often at the start of their puberty.Ruth Lamdan writes: “The numerous references to child marriage in the 16th- century Responsa literature and other sources, shows that child marriage was so common, it was virtually the norm.In this context, it is important to remember that in halakha, the term ‘minor’ refers to a girl under twelve years and a day.A girl aged twelve and a half was already considered an adult in all respects.” Some Islamic marriage practices have permitted marriage of girls below the age of 10, because Shariat law is based in part on the life and practices of Muhammad, the Prophet, as described in part in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.Muhammad married Aisha, his third wife, when she was about age six, Some mainstream Islamic scholars have suggested that it is not the chronological age that matters; marriageable age under Muslim religious law is the age when the guardians of the girl feel she has reached sexual maturity.Such determination of sexual maturity is a matter of subjective judgment, and there is a strong belief among most Muslims and scholars, based on Sharia, that marrying a girl less than 13 years old is an acceptable practice for Muslims.
In some countries, the younger the bride, the higher the price she may fetch.
The Russian language is also the official language in Tajikistan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
The legally prescribed marriageable age in some jurisdictions is below 18 years, especially in the case of girls; and even when the age is set at 18 years, many jurisdictions permit earlier marriage with parental consent or in special circumstances, such as teenage pregnancy.
These difficulties pressed families to betroth their girls, irrespective of her age, as soon as they had the resources to pay the dowry.
Thus, Goitein notes that European Jews would marry their girls early, once they had collected the expected amount of dowry.