Israel dismantled 18 settlements in the Sinai Peninsula in 1982, while in 2005 despite pressure from the international community to desist. The Israeli-occupied area known as East Jerusalem (Palestinian territory adjacent to West Jerusalem within Israel proper, together forming greater Jerusalem) and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (within Syrian territory) are also considered settlements by the international community despite Israel having enacted domestic Israeli legislation declaring territorial annexation to Israel, which is also not recognised by the international community.
It is authorized to create settlements in the West Bank on lands licensed to it by the Civil Administration.
A number of Palestinian non-Israeli citizens (as opposed to Arab citizens of Israel) also reside in Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem, however, over 300,000 Israeli citizens (both Jewish citizens of Israel and Arab citizens of Israel) lived in settlements in East Jerusalem, and over 20,000 Israeli citizens lived in settlements in the Golan Heights.
Settlements range in character from farming communities and frontier villages to urban suburbs and neighborhoods.
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Organizations outside of the United States may submit an LOI (Letter of Inquiry) only.