It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.
Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania.
About 10,000 years ago, migrating Native Americans settled in fertile valleys and coastal areas of what is present-day Chile.
Settlement sites from very early human habitation include Monte Verde, Cueva del Milodon and the Pali Aike Crater's lava tube.
The next Europeans to reach Chile were Diego de Almagro and his band of Spanish conquistadors, who came from Peru in 1535 seeking gold.
The Spanish encountered various cultures that supported themselves principally through slash-and-burn agriculture and hunting.
Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).
This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.
British men should beware of the Falklands war and never mention anything that could remember this war to the locals. Secondly, some of them look like Italian models except they are much more modest.
Liebe Gäste und Interessierte des Kölner Salons, wir widmen uns den Umbaumaßnahmen und einem Relaunch.
After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic.
In the 19th century, Chile saw significant economic and territorial growth, ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia.